Health Security and International Relations
Since the cold war there has been an increased emphasis among IR theorists towards the individual as a unit. The notion of human security as a policy objective is a result of this shift. Human Security is a step beyond national security and encompasses economic security, food security, health security, environmental security, personal security, community security, and political security (defined by UNDP HDR 1994). Human Security would fall under the Liberal Cosmopolitan paradigm of IR theory. It presents a new way of thinking about the integration of security issues and globalization.
BRICS and Human Security
“BRICS is a platform for dialogue and cooperation amongst countries that represent 43% of the world’s population, for the promotion of peace, security and development in a multi-polar, inter-dependent and increasingly complex, globalizing world. Coming from Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America, the transcontinental dimension of the interaction adds to its value and significance.”
- Beijing Declaration of July 2011 – strengthen collaboration in the area of access to public health and services in BRICS States
- implementation of affordable, equitable and sustainable solutions for common health challenges.
- It emphasized the importance and need of technology transfer as a means to empower developing countries
- Delhi Declaration of BRICS Summit in 2012 – urged that meetings of BRICS Health Ministers be held in an institutionalized manner so that the countries of BRICS could jointly address common goals such as promoting innovation and universal access to health technologies including medicines
- resolved to collaborate and cooperate for prevention, treatment and care of non-communicable diseases
- combat mental disorders through a multi-pronged approach including the World Health Assembly Resolution
- renewed their commitment to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
- recognized that multi-drug resistant tuberculosis is a major public health problem
- renewed efforts to face the continued challenge posed by HIV
- strengthen cooperation to combat malaria
- effective control of both communicable and non-communicable diseases
- effective health surveillance, including injury surveillance, is the key strategy for controlling both communicable and non-communicable diseases
- called for strengthened cooperation in application of bio-technology for health benefits for the population of BRICS countries
- acknowledged the value and importance of traditional medicine and need of experience and knowledge-sharing for securing public health needs.
Ministers confirmed their support for the United Nations General Assembly Resolution on universal health coverage and committed to work nationally, regionally and globally to ensure that universal health coverage is achieved.