Dynamics of elections to state legislatures

Following points are extracted from an ECI notification of election to state legislative assemblies of Meghalaya, Tripura and Nagaland.

  • Election Commission holds the General Elections to the Legislative Assemblies of the States whose terms expire around the same time, together.
  • By virtue of its powers,duties and functions under Article 324 read with Article 172(1) of the Constitution of India, Section 15 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951
  • Bye – elections shall be held at the earliest possible opportunity in order to ensure that no segment of the Indian people is left unrepresented for any unnecessary length of time.
  • For bye-elections clear vacancies are identified which are not subject to any election petition or appeal pending in any court and the remaining tenure of the concerned Assembly is more than one year.
  • Photo electoral rolls will be used during the forthcoming general elections and bye-elections
  • Expenditure Observers: The Commission has also decided to appoint adequate number of Expenditure Observers and Assistant Expenditure Observers who will exclusively monitor the election expenditure of the contesting candidates.
  • For greater transparency and for ease of monitoring of Election Expenses, Candidates would be required to open a separate bank account and incur their election expenses from that very account.
  • Comprehensive instructions for the purpose of effective monitoring of the election expenditure of the candidates, have been issued, which include formation of flying squads, video Surveillance Teams, involvement of Investigation Directorates of Income Tax Deptt. etc
  • filing of affidavits regarding criminal backgrounds, assets, liabilities and education qualification of the candidates
  • Necessary instructions have been issued to the CEOs of the poll going states to ensure briefing of political parties and Media in the districts about ‘paid news’ and the mechanism to check ‘paid news’.
  • To deal with the issue of ‘Paid News’, a mechanism has been laid out with three tier of Media certification and Monitoring Committees (MCMC) at District, State and ECI  level.
  • In addition to General Observers, the Commission will also deploy Micro- observers to observe the poll proceedings in the polling stations on the poll day in selected critical polling stations. They will be chosen from Central Government/Central PSUs officials
  • Protection to SC/ST Electors: As per Section 3 (1)   (vii) of Scheduled Castes   and   Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
  • For the facility of physically challenged persons, instructions have been issued to ensure that all polling stations as far as practicable, are located at ground floor and ramps are provided.
  • Facilitation shall also be provided for locating electors’ names in a polling station or a group of polling stations through help lines and facilitation centers.
  • The Model Code of Conduct comes into effect immediately from now onwards.

    “There shall be no appeal to caste or communal feelings for securing votes. Mosques, Churches, Temples or other places of worship shall not be used as forum for election propaganda.” – MCC

  • Complaint redressal mechanism: A toll free number (1950) is provided.Plus there is a form online.Action will be taken within time limit on all complaints.  Complainants will also be informed of the action taken by SMS and by the call center.   Complainants can also see the details of the action taken on their complaints on the website.
  • Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP): CEOs of the poll-going states have been directed to ensure wide dissemination of election related information and also for carrying out Voter Education campaigns as well as adequate facilitation measures for ensuring wider participation of people in polling.

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