Census taking in India

President’s speech before giving out Census medals:

  • India has a long and rich tradition of conducting Census taking.
  • The earliest references of census taking in the country are found in Kautilya’s ‘Arthashastra’ (321-296 BC) and later in the writings of Abdul Fazl’s in ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ during the days of Emperor Akbar.
  • The first systematic and modern population Census, in its present scientific form was conducted non- synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in the country.
  • The first synchronous census in India was conducted in the Year 1881.
  • Census 2011 was the fifteenth Census in this series as reckoned from 1872 and the seventh since independence.
  • The unique feature of Census 2011 is that Schedules for preparation of National Population Register (NPR) were also canvassed along with Houselisting Schedules.
  • Census is the only source of data that provides information on various individual characteristics right up to village level for rural areas and ward level for urban areas.
  • It is hoped that with the latest technology adopted by Census Organization for data dissemination, Census results would be accessible quickly to all the stakeholders in the remotest corner of the country.

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